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Default A Wholesome, Plant-Based Diet May Cut Risks and Complications of Diabetes

On Nov 17, 5:05*am, |"
On Nov 16, 9:28*pm, and/

Jai Maharaj) wrote:
In article ,
*Robert Miles posted:

Dr. Jai Maharaj posted:

Forwarded post from Earth News October 2011

A Wholesome, Plant-Based Diet May Cut Risks and Complications of

By Caitlin Rose

If the cost of treating a chronic health condition is weighing you
down, you’re not alone. Last month, the World Economic Forum
estimated that by the year 2030, the global cost of treating chronic
health conditions will total $47 trillion dollars.1 According to the
National Institute of Health, diabetes alone affects almost 26
million people in the United States and national treatment costs for
diabetes total $174 billion dollars per year. Furthermore,
individuals diagnosed with diabetes have an average of twice as many
medical expenses as non-diabetics.2

Fortunately, leading health experts agree that by switching to a low-
fat, plant-based diet, you may be able to alleviate certain risk
factors and complications resulting from diabetes. Numerous
scientific studies have concluded that a low-fat, plant-based diet
may help you lose weight, increase insulin sensitivity and improve
blood sugar levels. If you have a family history of diabetes, or are
worried that you may be at risk, adopting a wholesome vegetarian diet
may help prevent the development of diabetes as well.

Weight loss is a consistent feature of a wholesome plant-based diet..
According to a 2010 USDA Dietary Guidelines report, vegetarian diets
are often lower in calories, and vegetarians tend to have a lower
body mass index than non-vegetarians.3 As a bonus, a low-fat, plant-
based diet may also be easier to adopt than the standard diet put out
by the American Diabetes Association (ADA). In 2004, researchers
affiliated with the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
(PCRM) compared a low-fat, plant-based diet with the diet designed by
the ADA. The study published in the peer-reviewed journal, Diabetes
Care, found that those on a plant-based diet not only lost more
weight, but also had an easier time sticking with the diet.4 This was
possibly due to the fact that while participants in the ADA diet were
required to restrict calories and count carbs, those following a low-
fat, plant-based diet were able to eat as much as they wanted within
the parameters of the diet.

A healthy vegetarian diet may improve blood sugar control and insulin
sensitivity, leading to a decreased need for medication. During the
same comparison study, researchers found that after 22 weeks, 43% of
participants in the plant-based diet were able to decrease their
medication, compared to 26% of those following the standard ADA
diet.5 In another study published in the American Journal of
Medicine, researchers compared a low-fat, plant-based diet to a diet
recommended by the National Cholesterol Education Program. The study
participants consisted of post-menopausal women whose weight put them
at risk for diabetes. They found that after 14 weeks, those on a low-
fat, plant-based diet experienced lower blood sugar levels and
increased insulin sensitivity. Those on the NCEP diet did not
experience these changes.6 Experts at the Mayo Clinic confirm that a
vegetarian diet consisting primarily of whole grains, fruits,
vegetables, legumes and nuts can improve blood sugar control and make
your body more responsive to insulin.

Complications of diabetes may respond well to a wholesome vegetarian
diet as well. Because a plant-based diet is usually low in saturated
fat and cholesterol and high in soluble fiber, it may reduce your
risk of heart disease, which is a common complication of diabetes.
The American Dietetic Association states that vegetarians have “lower
rates of death from ischemic heart disease; ... lower blood
cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, and lower rates of
hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and prostate and colon cancer.”7 In
fact, among participants in the first PCRM comparison study who ate a
plant-based diet, those suffering from hypertension were able to
discontinue their prescriptions after 12 weeks.

From these and numerous other studies, doctors, medical researchers
and other health experts have concluded that a low-fat, plant-based
diet is safe and appropriate for diabetics. The benefits of a
wholesome vegetarian diet are significant for those diagnosed with or
at risk for diabetes. The cost of treating diabetes and its
associated complications is immense. If we put just a fraction of the
projected cost towards buying healthy, whole, plant-based food, we
could save millions of hospital hours and billions of treatment
dollars. When it comes to your health, it’s never too late or too
early to start eating well.

Earth News October 2011

Related Content

Diabetes and Diet: A Crucial Combination for Health

Americans with diabetes to double to 44 million


Bloom DE, Cafiero ET, Jané-Llopis E, Abrahams-Gessel S, Bloom LR,
Fathima S, Feigl AB, Gaziano T, Mowafi M, Pandya A, Prettner K,
Rosenberg L, Seligman B, Stein A, & Weinstein C. The Global Economic
Burden of Non-communicable Diseases. Geneva: World Economic Forum.
2011 Oct.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Fact
Sheet: national estimates and general information on diabetes and
prediabetes in the United States, 2011. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department
of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, 2011

Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary
Guidelines for Americans,2010. USDA, 2010. Web, September 5 2011

Barnard ND, Cohen J, Jenkins DJ, Turner-McGrievy G, Gloede L, Jaster
B, Seidl K, Green AA, Talpers S. A low-fat vegan diet improves
glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in a randomized
clinical trial in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care.
2006 Aug;29(8):1777-83. PubMed PMID: 16873779


Barnard ND, Scialli AR, Turner-McGrievy G, Lanou AJ, Glass J. The
effects of a low-fat, plant-based dietary intervention on body
weight, metabolism, and insulin sensitivity. Am J Med. 2005

Mangels,A, Messina, and Vesanto Melina. Position of the American
Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada: Vegetarian Diets.
Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Jun. 2003, pp. 748-65

End of forwarded post from Earth News October 2011

Does that mean that the plant-based diet often used in India
isn't wholesome? *That country has a rather high rate of diabetes
compared to the rest of the world.


Doctors say a perverse twist of science makes Indians susceptible to
diabetes and complications such as heart disease and stroke as soon
as their living conditions improve. As a decade of 7 percent average
annual growth lifts 400 million people into the middle class, bodies
primed over generations for poverty, malnutrition and manual labor
are leaving Indians ill- prepared for calorie-loaded food or the
cars, TVs and computers that sap physical activity.

In India, Vegetarianism Is Usually Synonymous With Lacto
Vegetarianism. . . . According To The 2006 Hindu-Cnn-Ibn State Of The
Nation Survey,[11] 31% Of Indians Are Vegetarians, While Another 9%
Consumes Eggs.

Jai Maharaj, Jyotishi
Om Shanti

It would be interesting to see how the meat eaters of India
fare in comparison to the non meat eaters. Both populations
are likely eating too much sugar, white rice, and refined
wheat. Plus even whole wheat and whole grain rice
aren't ideal. I wonder if the population is eating fewer

You better get your BMI below 23 if you are Indian..............Trig

When that's been done with US populations, the less animal products
consumed the less diabetes manifested.

Disclosu I am not a vegetarian and like eating animal products.


Vegetarian diets and incidence of diabetes in the Adventist Health
Tonstad S, Stewart K, Oda K, Batech M, Herring RP, Fraser GE.
Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Department of Health
Promotion and Education, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA.
To evaluate the relationship of diet to incident diabetes among non-
Black and Black participants in the Adventist Health Study-2.

Participants were 15,200 men and 26,187 women (17.3% Blacks) across
the U.S. and Canada who were free of diabetes and who provided
demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and dietary data. Participants
were grouped as vegan, lacto ovo vegetarian, pesco vegetarian, semi-
vegetarian or non-vegetarian (reference group). A follow-up
questionnaire after two years elicited information on the development
of diabetes. Cases of diabetes developed in 0.54% of vegans, 1.08% of
lacto ovo vegetarians, 1.29% of pesco vegetarians, 0.92% of semi-
vegetarians and 2.12% of non-vegetarians. Blacks had an increased risk
compared to non-Blacks (odds ratio [OR] 1.364; 95% confidence interval
[CI], 1.093-1.702). In multiple logistic regression analysis
controlling for age, gender, education, income, television watching,
physical activity, sleep, alcohol use, smoking and BMI, vegans (OR
0.381; 95% CI 0.236-0.617), lacto ovo vegetarians (OR 0.618; 95% CI
0.503-0.760) and semi-vegetarians (OR 0.486, 95% CI 0.312-0.755) had a
lower risk of diabetes than non-vegetarians. In non-Blacks vegan,
lacto ovo and semi-vegetarian diets were protective against diabetes
(OR 0.429, 95% CI 0.249-0.740; OR 0.684, 95% CI 0.542-0.862; OR 0.501,
95% CI 0.303-0.827); among Blacks vegan and lacto ovo vegetarian diets
were protective (OR 0.304, 95% CI 0.110-0.842; OR 0.472, 95% CI
0.270-0.825). These associations were strengthened when BMI was
removed from the analyses.

Vegetarian diets (vegan, lacto ovo, semi-) were associated with a
substantial and independent reduction in diabetes incidence. In Blacks
the dimension of the protection associated with vegetarian diets was
as great as the excess risk associated with Black ethnicity.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID: 21983060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]